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Africa and the Global Commodity Markets

This report is a result of the collaboration between OCP Policy Center and Cercle Cyclope, and aims to focus on the African continent in the greater discussions about the global commodity markets.

Guinea’s bauxite, Moroccan phosphates, Nigerian Bonny Light, Zambian copper, Côte d'Ivoire’s cocoa, Ethiopian coffee or Madagascar’s vanilla: all are examples demonstrating that raw materials have a dimension that is as global as it is local. Global by the markets on which they are traded, local by their quality, a key element of their price, and their macroeconomic impact, particularly for Africa. In this first CyclOpe Africa report, the reader will find an exhaustive analysis of the situation on the raw materials markets that ‘count’ for the African continent in 2015, and the first months of 2016. They will also find more comprehensive chapters on macroeconomic conditions prevailing today in Sub-Saharan Africa, but also on public policy in Africa, and particularly on the issue of infrastructure, which in Africa is known to be, perhaps more than on other continents, one of the catalysts for strong and inclusive economic growth.

The CyclOpe Africa report is written by fifty international experts under the supervision of Philippe Chalmin, Professor at the University Paris Dauphine, and Yves Jégourel, lecturer at Bordeaux University and Senior Fellow at the OCP Policy Center.

This report has been launched in Paris, and was also presented in Rabat, Dakar and Abidjan. The upcoming presentation will take place in Addis Ababa.

Research Paper
Le défi de la transformation économique structurelle : une analyse par la complexité économique

L’objectif de ce travail est d’aborder la problématique de la transformation structurelle en se focalisant davantage sur les pays à revenu intermédiaire. Ce travail a permis également de faire ressortir, à travers une analyse par les chaines de Markov, que la plupart des pays restent bloqués dans la classe de complexité intermédiaire et trouvent des difficultés à migrer vers la classe de complexité avancée qui regroupe les pays proches de la frontière technologique. Ceci permet d’expliquer le phénomène de piège des revenus intermédiaires et la lenteur du processus de transformation structurelle dont souffrent plusieurs économies...

Policy Paper
Le Golfe de Guinée, zone de contrastes : Richesses et vulnérabilités

Les sous-régions et espaces d’intégration, anciens ou improvisés prolifèrent en Afrique. Ces structures sont désignées sous l’appellation : Communauté économique régionale (CER)1. A côté de l’Union africaine qui se veut l’organe d’intégration par excellence, d’autres structures sous régionales africaines font figure de phase intermédiaire pour faciliter l’intégration globale du continent. Certaines de ces sous-régions sont institutionnelles, d’autres sont de simples commodités du vocabulaire de l’analyse économique et géopolitique. Parmi les sous-régions non-institutionnelles, celle du Golfe de Guinée...

The Road to Marrakech: Key Issues for COP22

With COP 22 in November 2016, the parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) return with their next round of negotiations to Marrakech, the second time the conference is held in Morocco. The critical importance of this meeting for the proceedings after Paris cannot be understated: Marrakech will be the time to clear the road for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, in setting in place those mechanisms and modalities that help the Agreement to become operational. For the Paris Agreement to enter into force, the ratification of 55 signatory countries that represent 55 percent of emissions of greenhouse gases is required. At the time of writing, 57 countries have indicated their intention to ratify the agreement before the end of 2016...

The New EU Global Strategy and What It Means for Morocco

This policy brief reviews the recently published EU Global Strategy, highlighting its main strengths and weaknesses as well as innovations, starting with the concept of resilience. It argues that the document has many strengths for being a compromise text written at a time of deep uncertainty about the EU's own future. The brief also comments on the future of EU-Morocco relations in the new framework. It notes that the strategy perhaps missed an opportunity to reaffirm European-Moroccan ties as part of its larger reflection on cooperative regional orders. However, for the same reason Morocco has now the opportunity to proactively define "partnership" with the EU - a concept that recurs in the strategy but that it is not fully articulated...


Towards People-Centered Security Sectors In Africa: A Tale Of Missed Opportunities?

Most of the international security agenda is determined in the loosely defined “Global North” and is implemented in the “Global South.” This trend needs to be inverted with more voices from the “South” included in debates that shape international security policies and practices. In the case of Africa, it is important to consider questions of security governance on the continent and the role that civilian actors can play in promoting it. The role that civil society, media, and parliaments can play is essential in ensuring security forces have a positive role in strengthening the overall governance environment in Africa. While it is hard to single out one factor responsible for the unsustainability of many SSR initiatives in Africa, the exclusion of civil society voices from policy and professional debates on security provision results in little buy-in and support for donor-driven initiatives and a permanent hiatus between the population and a key part of the state apparatus...

Call for Papers

Special Issue of Open Economies Review on Global Labor Markets

This issue comes against a backdrop recovery in many advanced economies and sluggish growth in many developing economies (both emerging markets and low-income countries). The unemployment rate in developing economies is expected to increase over the course of this year, while the rate for advanced economies will probably decline. In view of these development and other underlying trends in the world of work, prominent experts from international organizations, research institutes and academia are invited to share perspectives on jobs trends and strategies, jobs and growth’s linkage, employability and inclusion, effectiveness of structural reforms, particularly labor market policies, to name a few...

Deadline: November 1st 2016

Blog

Turkey’s Economy at the Crossroads

On July 15, Turkey’s tumultuous 2016 took a shocking twist as elements within the country’s military attempted a coup against the government of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. In the coming months, Turkey’s economic resilience could play an equally important factor in determining the outcome of the current upheaval. And, while Erdogan is now portrayed as a conservative strongman, his stewardship of the economy is critical to understanding his popularity. Should Turkey’s economy falter, his domestic support could dissipate as well...

Particiation to Global Meetings


Global Think Tank Summit - 3rd Edition

OCP Policy Center was pleased to take part of the third edition of the Global Think Tank Summit 2016 in Montreal between September 28th and 30th, 2016. The Policy Center has contributed to the lively discussions about the changing nature of the work of think tanks given the rapidly changing global environment. OCP Policy Center is also proud to be among the global think tanks Planning Committee.

Panels have discussed several issues given a context of rising populism, nationalism, nativism and protectionism around the world, challenging conventional wisdom and the existing political, economic and social order. Understanding these undercurrents and their implications are critical to shaping future policies and avoiding problematic consequences. Think tanks have a key role to play in these turbulent times by shaping a constructive response to the economic and political fallout currently challenging the postwar economic and security architecture.

The Summit featured notable keynote speakers such as the Canadian minister of foreign affairs and the minister of international affairs and la Francophonie in the government of Quebec.

Upcoming Events

Upcoming Events

3-7 October - Advanced Training in Agricultural Economics & Environment - Economic Analysis & Modelling of Agricultural Production Chains, Rabat
3-7 October - Advanced Training in Commodity Economics & Finance - Economic Analysis & Modelling of Agricultural Production Chains, Rabat
10-14 October - Advanced Training in Commodity Economics & Finance - Fundamentals of Commodity Markets and Energy Economics, Rabat
13 October - Energy Breakfast Roundtable: What to expect from COP 22?, Brussels
17-21 October - Advanced Training in Economic Analysis and Management - Morocco in the Global Economy, Rabat
24-28 October - Advanced Training in Geopolitics & International Relations - International Relations: Concepts, Trends and Evolutions, Rabat

Interviews


Related Event: High Level Seminar: The Energy Transition, NDCs, and the Post-COP21

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