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“African middle classes”, popularized by the 2011 African Development Bank report, often stand as a symbol of the economic and demographic dynamism of the continent. Their announced emergence feeds into a certain number of expectations in the economic and political spheres: growth driven by domestic demand, potential new markets, democratization, and so on. Yet, the category “African middle class” and associated interpretations must be considered carefully. In Africa, as elsewhere in the world, the notion of middle class remains controversial: consensus is lacking on both, its definition and its criteria. Polysemous, vague, and encompassing, the term can cover a wide range of socio-economic situations.
This conference aims to understand the major issues underlying the “African middle class” category and, through various case studies, provide nuanced interpretations of the ongoing socio-economic dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa.

Geopolitics and International Relations

State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel
Par Abdelhak Bassou

This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, transnational crime and precariousness, are in fact symptoms of a disease that will only get worse if the real and deep causes are not addressed.
Exploring the case of the G5 Sahel as a framework for the convenience of study and analysis does not imply that the crisis is limited to the five countries that are part of the G5 Sahel. Indeed, while specificities must be taken into account, we must recognize certain difficulties, particularly structural ones, that remain common to all the countries of the region.


OCP Policy Center in the Press

Les risques à surveiller selon le WEF| L’économiste
Trump: Année Un - Francis Perrin | Bip - Le Bulletin de l'Industrie Pétrolière
Chronique hydrocarbures:  la politique énergétique de Trump, Francis Perrin | Medi1 Radio

Upcoming Events

Jan 25 | African Middle Classes Beyond the Buzz: Economic, Social and Political Dynamics
Feb 22 | Colloque : Ouverture, productivité et croissance économique au Maroc
March 1-2 | African Economic Policy Symposium
April 11 | 5ème édition des Dialogues Stratégiques : Emergence de l’Inde et géopolitique de l’Afrique Centrale
May 9-11 | Africa Think Tank Summit 2018
June 18-19 | African Peace and Security Annual Conference - APSACO









OCP Policy Center
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www.ocppc.ma   |   contact@ocppc.ma

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