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APSACO : the second edition starting soon

In anticipation of the second edition of the African Peace and Security Annual Conference (APSACO), this newsletter brings us back in time to the very first edition and provides you with a selection of OCP Policy Center publications on African peace and security to refresh your mind.

Flashback to the first edition

APSACO synthesis report

Have a look at the synthesis report, which encapsulates the main takeaways from the first edition of APSACO, organized by the OCP Policy Center, held from July 10 – 11, 2017 in Rabat.
This first edition, focusing on the African Union’s (AU) strategic autonomy, aimed to facilitate a serious and constructive consideration of the various probable and realistic options for the rise of this international organization as an autonomous entity that is globally interdependent. The conference also aimed at launching a deep African debate on the continent’s place in developing global strategic discourse.

African Union: what are the possible options for strategic autonomy?

In this policy brief, published subsequent to the first edition of APSACO, the economic, political & geo-strategic dynamics of Africa are discussed and methods under which a reconfiguration can happen are at the center of the paper. Authored by Abdelkhalek El Bikam, Oumar Kourouma, and Witha Afang Ndong, this policy brief provides readers with a new perspective on possible options for African strategic autonomy.

Podcast: notre Senior Fellow Rachid El Houdaigui présente la seconde édition d'APSACO

Dans ce podcast, notre Senior Fellow le professeur Rachid El Houdaïgui présente le thème et les enjeux de la seconde édition de la conférence sur la paix et la sécurité en Afrique (APSACO), qui se tient les 18 et 19 juin à Rabat

“State or regional: who will be the most qualified to establish peace in Africa?”

Peacekeeping in Africa: the importance of the regional?

With the growth of violent conflicts within the African Continent, organisations have developed missions and programs to tackle the issue. Although the UN has shown to be the leader in peacekeeping operations and maintaining peace in the region, further effort is demanded. To that effect, regional organisations are called to partake in this initiative and show greater improvement in their internal development. At this critical time, the question is around whether the focus should switch from regional level to State level or work on developing the organisation already in place?

Podcast:
Listen to Ewan Lawson, fellow at the Royal United Services Institute, discuss his perspectives on peacekeeping in Africa.

The African Union Peace and Security Architecture continues to develop with the aspiration to replace the UN as the focus for peace and security in Africa. Key to the African Union’s success will be its relationships with the regional organizations within the continent although the development of these is inconsistent. Whilst ECOWAS continues to develop strongly in West Africa for example, North Africa regional organisations generally remain underdeveloped. This podcast will focus on the regional approach to peacekeeping operations.


A selection of our Senior Fellow Abdelhak Bassou's policy briefs on the critical situation in the Sahel

“Are we witnessing a third generation of jihadism rearing its head in the Sahel?”

What is the new face of jihadism in the Sahel, and how does it differ from previous contexts? The rise of Daesh, in the context of increasingly globalized movements of jihad, has been translated into strong confrontations in the Sahel territory. The Caliphate ideals and the territorialization of the jihadist issue characterize Daesh, also known as ISIS or ISIL, and the movement has ideologically broke up with Al-Qaeda. Today, terrorism in the Sahel has new features, and Abdelhak Bassou contextualizes and explains them in this Policy Brief.

“What is hiding behind the G5 Sahel crisis?”

In this Policy Brief, Abdelhak Bassou tackles in depth the source behind the Sahel crisis. As a framework, he explores the case of the G5 Sahel, which is exposed to structural difficulties. The latter limits the action plan of the countries of the region in overcoming migration, transnational crime and precariousness.


Is the MENA region willing to contribute to a security dialogue?

Emiliano Alessandri stimulates the MENA security dialogues

While the MENA region is at the midst of violent conflicts, multilateral dialogue and compromise has shown to be elusive. In the process of reinforcing peace in the region, the emergence of multilateral security processes has been hindered by unfavorable conditions at the level of geopolitics. To that extent, while some MENA states are highly affected by the chronic violence and are weakening economically as much as politically, others an opportunity to expand their clout in a Middle East in flux. Will building peace ever become a priority of the MENA region? Will the necessary efforts be deployed to restore stability in the region?

                 Podcast
Reviving multilateral security dialogue in the MENA: finding the hard, but possible, compromise

This podcast is performed by Mr. Emiliano Alessandri, Senior External Cooperation Officer with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). While possible, prospects for repairing existing fractures through multilateral dialogue and compromise have become elusive as crises in the region persist.

La politique de sécurité du Japon en Afrique: à l’aube d’une approche stratégique?

Céline Pajon, chercheur au centre Asie de l’Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI), expose la politique de sécurité du Japon en Afrique, qui connaît une expansion importante ces dernières années. A titre d’exemple, la première base militaire japonaise à l’étranger depuis 1945 est en cours de construction à Djibouti, et le Japon participe activement à des opérations de lutte contre la piraterie ou de maintien de la paix. Quelles sont les raisons, économiques et géopolitiques, qui orientent cette évolution de la politique japonaise en Afrique ? Quels moyens sont mobilisés par le Japon pour consolider sa présence et atteindre ses objectifs ?

“Les frontières contribuent-elles à la propagation des conflits en Afrique?”

Dans son dernier papier intitulé « L’intangibilité des frontières africaines à l’épreuve des réalités contemporaines » Mr. Loulichki, Senior Fellow à l'OCP Policy Center, interroge sur le concept des frontières, son évolution, ses composantes qui influencent et façonnent le contexte mondial à partir de la conférence de Berlin et du plan de rapatriement du continent africain par les puissances coloniales. Notre expert de la diplomatie et de la résolution des conflits adopte une approche globale dans son analyse des conflits ouverts qui secouent le continent africain, et qui trouvent leur source essentiellement dans la lutte pour le pouvoir, l’appropriation des ressources naturelles ou la problématique des frontières.

“Etats-Unis: comment Trump fera-t-il évoluer l’Afrique?”

Livre:
Le quatrième volume des Dialogues Stratégiques est un ouvrage qui revient sur une élection polémique. L’accession de Donald Trump au pouvoir de la plus grande puissance mondiale a changé les tendances du climat politique dans le monde. Par conséquent, l’ordre international est remis en cause, et la renaissance du protectionnisme américain éloigne les partenaires européens des Etats-Unis de possibles futurs accords internationaux. Ce livre s’interroge sur les conséquences géostratégiques des paradoxes de la nouvelle politique américaine, tout en prenant en considération l’émergence de pays de l’Afrique australe et leur effet sur cette dynamique.

APSACO in the Press

                                                                     2nd Edition - 2018
Rabat To Host 2nd African Peace And Security Annual Conference On June 18-19
| Article19
Rabat abrite la 2ème Conférence annuelle sur la paix et la sécurité en Afrique les 18 et 19 juin | Aujourd'hui le Maroc
Rabat to Host 2nd African Peace and Security Annual Conference on June 18-19 | Map News

                                                                      1st Edition - 2017
OCP Policy Center se penche sur la paix et la sécurité dans le continent| Challenge.ma
APSACO : La sécurité en Afrique débattue à Rabat | PouvoirsAfrique
OCP Policy Center approfondit la réflexion sur la sécurité en Afrique | l'Observateur

Upcoming Events

June 18-19 | African Peace and Security Annual Conference - APSACO
June 20 | Sahel: recul ou extension du phénomène jihadiste ?
June 27 | Paix ou guerre du commerce mondial ? Les implications pour le Maroc et l’Afrique
July 17 | Towards MED Rome 2018: countering violent extremism and de-radicalization measures in Europe and the MENA Region 
July 18-19 | Morocco-Nigeria Relations : enhancing opportunities for growth and development
October 4-5 | EU-MENA shared prosperity
October 26-28 | World Policy Conference 2018

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